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Myth to Medicine: Intelligent Internet-Based Humanist Machines
Evolution of Knowledge Science: Myth to Medicine: Intelligent Internet-Based Humanist Machines explains how to design and build the next generation of intelligent machines that solve social and environmental problems in a systematic, coherent, and optimal fashion. The book brings together principles from computer and communication sciences, electrical engineering, mathematics, physics, social sciences, and more to describe computer systems that deal with knowledge, its representation, and how to deal with knowledge centric objects. Readers will learn new tools and techniques to measure, enhance, and optimize artificial intelligence strategies for efficiently searching through vast knowledge bases, as well as how to ensure the security of information in open, easily accessible, and fast digital networks.
The basic concepts from various disciplines are joined to describe a robust and coherent knowledge sciences discipline that provides readers with tools, units, and measures to evaluate the flow of knowledge during course work or their research. A unique academic and industrial perspective of the concurrent dynamic changes in computer and communication industries is offered.
There are two major parts in this book. Part I deals with knowledge in its primitive format as wisdom and values of early civilizations to knowledge embedded in the social networks. Part II deals with communication, processing and deployment of knowledge from universal knowledge bases to its more personalized mind and medical machines. Knowledge science has its origin in many disciplines. At first glance, these interdependencies of the founding disciplines appear vague and unconnected but the fiber of the science of knowledge runs through writings of philosophers, social scientists, economists, physicists, mathematicians, and computer and communication scientists. Persistence and patience are both necessary to “see” the light in the long fiber-optic link and decode the elements of knowledge at various wavelengths. That brings us to the current state of (DWDM) fiber-optic technology, but even so, it is in the technology domain and lies much lower than the knowledge domain.
First, consider the philosophers who do not indulge in physics, mathematics or computer and communication sciences. Their perspectives become confined for the knowledge society and network era. The human contemplations towards their age-old pursuit of virtue of the philosophers, is now limited to searching Internet knowledge banks distributed throughout the world, though not the universe. The pragmatism of the modern society has left little room for the underlying theories behind the human effort along the other disciplines. The endurance of scholarly thoughts gets feeble and frail as civilizations grow old. Metaphysics does not cut data buses on VLSI chips. Single philosophers and their thoughts prevail simply because of the painful documentation on their part now electronically scanned as bright beacons along the information highways for the pioneer thinkers of this century. So be it, but without a knowledge positioning system in the knowledge domain alike the GPS in the geographical domain, even the scientist thinkers become aloof, isolated and soon forgotten.
Second, consider the social thinkers who do not indulge in computer hardware, network topology and VLSI designs to accomplish communication and social tasks on the “Social Chips” still to emerge in a few decades for the wearable and handheld mind and medical machines. The mind machines are intelligent and personalized companions in a civilization that has broken family ties and social bonds. Early signs of this trend are already evident when people and group members spend hours gazing at the tiny PDA screens rather than explore the mind-set treasures their friends hold! Social skill has become social decay by the love of teenagers for their senseless indulgence of trivia on satellite linked gossip machines. Human mind is far wider than the bandwidth of the wireless phones of a few MHz and the frequencies of oscillation of the kels (knowledge elements) that gratify the need of companionship engulf the body, mind and soul in synergistic cohesion. When these kels are oriented towards the collective social problems, a new perspective of social harmony for the entire society replaces the quest for money of the greedy and the bomb-dropping-warring thugs around the world!
Third, consider the economists and accountants who play hide and seek with the consuming public in devising the market strategy for corporate products. Generally, this strategy is buried in the misleading propaganda of corporate actions and products. The narrow vision of the mathematicians who play zero-sum corporate games seems to have mastered the game of deception so openly practiced by elected public officials and corrupt military industrialists. The Internet for the dispersion of significant and valid information has become a tool for marketing for the greedy business folks. Truth stated precisely and openly releases the mind from playing trivial games and directs it to more significant social problems.
Fourth, consider the physicists, who shy away at taking a global perspective of positive globally socially benevolent knowledge and confine the wavelength of their vision to fill their food baskets. Society has existed long before the scientists arrived. The social cohesion is an ingredient of inner peace that is perhaps more lasting than the race into arms to plunder, grab and consume the neighbors’ garden and fill the belly! A sense of ethical corruption has shrouded the intellectual arena of the average college educated graduate who would readily accept a job to build the stealth bombers rather than to create innovative new tools for the farmer who can feed more hungry people around the world. At the height of Johnson’s Vietnam War, the socially responsible sentiment of the younger generation was to decline job-offers from offensive arms-manufacturers and their vendors. It is interesting to remember the Persian poet who complains that “his glory is drowned in a shallow cup1” of wines and withering rose pedals! The decline in social responsibility of the new college graduates is perhaps an accompaniment to the decline in morality.
Fifth, consider the mathematicians and their tunnel vision in a very physical, earthly and trivial pursuit of a set of steps towards optimal algorithmic procedures. But there have been a few exceptional mathematician-philosophers (like Einstein, Heisenberg, Plank, Schrodinger or even Maxwell) who look at the universe and see the curvature of light from the distant worlds, or the concept of uncertainty even in the universe of knowledge. The Field Theory of Knowledge is not confounded for these great thinkers. Their grads, curls and surface integrals encompass the mind space rather than the ICBMs and missile spaces!
Finally, consider the computer and communication scientists, generally confined to hardware, software, firmware, switching systems, these scientists rarely know where their efforts are being deployed. Dependability, efficiency, error-free operations, optimality and quick response generally offer constraints for the most creative computer and network scientists. The National Science Foundation initiative to unify computer LANS to the Internet has not permeated the creativity and precision of the scientist to create a universal error and spam free International knowledge space and its network. In the Internet era computers and communication sciences have been merged seamlessly. Both computer and communication scientists aim to satisfy common goals and have produced an atmosphere of dependable high-speed communications. After all, communication within the computer system(s) is as important as processing and building artificially intelligence within the communication systems.
Click below to download chapter 29 which discusses the genesis of a Customizable Mind-Machine:
The unification of these disciplines is the object throughout this book. The total integration of all of these sciences is beyond the scope of one book. Only linkages, equations and the deepest interconnections are brought out in the thirty incisive chapters in the form of diagrams and figures that tie concepts rather than devices. When the readers see figures that have commonalities in them, they are meant to deliver the thread of human thought to weave the science of knowledge. From a wider perspective, it appears that social responsibilities and ethical values have plummeted over the last few decades. From national leaders to petty cash collectors demonstrate the lack of social conscience and of honesty. The darkness of disgrace runs through the character of the elected officials (Nixon, Clinton, Johnson, Bush and Putin, who have lied to the pubic), to the petty accountants, (of Andersen Corporation, who invented “imaginary corporations” to sink shareholder’s monies). The search for global dominance has driven supper power to become global thugs. The goal of wisdom is social ethics as the goal of information is knowledge. The mad race for economic progress seems to have savagely bitten off a pound of flesh from the conscience of the western society. The battle for economic progress has decisively won against equity, grace and justice to the world and for the world. Johnson’s noble goal was to eradicate poverty around the globe and not to rob poor cultures of their lands and habitat. Any country can and has become a two-penny thug against any other country without even one penny to save itself!
Information technology encompasses the realm of computer and communication technologies without any conceptual, device, or system boundaries. It is based on processing the information and the delivery of the processed information contained in the raw data over the digital pipes that crisscross the world. In a true sense, it blends computing with communicating and computers into intelligent communication systems. Intelligent information technology (IIT) extends beyond this composite discipline and permits a new and powerful option to process the knowledge being communicated based on the principles of artificial intelligence (AI) and knowledge engineering, and then uses the concepts of intelligent networks to communicate the derived knowledge. Information technologies have been evolving for the last four decades and have gained rapid momentum during the last decade. Systems deploy the novel combinations of computers and communications in an intelligent and goal-directed solution of knowledge and content-based problems. These systems are programmable, adaptive, and algorithmic, and they provide solutions based on the dynamic conditions that influence the solution of any particular problem. Two major forces nurturing the social aspects of information technologies are (1) the worldwide acceptance of the Internet platforms and (2) the discipline of information and knowledge processing. Each of these plays a significant role, and each is based upon a trail of precedents.
1Omar Khayyam wrote some 1400 years back “The idols I have loved so long: Have done my credit in men’s eyes much wrong: Drowned my glory in a shallow cup: And sold my reputation for a song.”
About the Author
Syed V. Ahamed taught at the University of Colorado for 2 years before joining Bell Laboratories. After 15 years of research, he returned to teaching as a Professor of Computer Science at the City University of New York. He has been a Telecommunications consultant to Bell Communications Research, AT&T Bell Laboratories and Lucent Technologies for the last 25 years. He has received numerous prizes for his papers from IEEE and was elected a Fellow of the IEEE for his seminal contribution to the simulation and design studies of the High-speed Digital Subscriber Lines. He has authored and coauthored several books in two broad areas of intelligent AI-based broadband multimedia networks and computational framework for knowledge.
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